Although Wi-Fi is easier to use and more straightforward for many people, due to the bandwidth on your home network, sharing multimedia files and getting paranoid about the security on this wireless connection, many still differ this hard-wired solution when it comes to home networking. With a wired network connection in your homes, you can have a high-speed and private network for your internet access. File sharing, online gaming media sharing, and many others will be more straightforward.
Here is our step-by-step guide on how to wire Cat5 jack and install Ethernet jacks in your home.
Step 1: What you need to consider and planning?
There are some design considerations that you need to address first before embarking on the project. These considerations will be based on your requirements. By answering these questions, you will have the proper Cat5e wiring diagram wall plate.
- Which of your room do I want to be wired? Depending on these number functions of each room, identify which among them should be included in your network. If you have two bedrooms, a home office, and a TV nook, where you like to play with your game consoles, include them in your layout.
- In each of these locations, what how many ports do I need? For example, you have many game consoles in your TV area; then you might need one port for each of them. These wall plates usually come in different configurations (1, 2, 4 or 6-jack). Often, it is better to opt for higher settings rather than that single option because it can provide greater flexibility without needing local switches.
- What is the best location for that main distribution? That most logical choice is where your other cables are, for example, your TV cable. The cable modem should also be transferred in this location to have internet supply to your entire network. You also need to consider where to mount that shelf that will contain all this equipment for your network.
- What will be this path that cable will take? This is more difficult than these first three questions and requires a lot of thinking. If you already have a TV cable through your house, can run it parallel to this. Other options can be the basement for a single-story home. For multi-story houses, need to be a little creative like in your laundry chute, etc. You should also consider this length of your wire. That maximum cable length is about a hundred meters.
- What is your required network speed? This determines this switch that you need. If there is 10 Mbps or gigabit, take it because you need a faster switch if have lots of activities over your network.
Step 2: The Required Materials and Tools
Again, these materials and tools you need can be different depending on your requirements and what you have inside your toolbox. You can also borrow if have a neighbor or friend who likes to do things DIY.
For the Tools You Need:
- Crimping tool made for Ethernet (you can buy them from your local hardware store or online)
- Drill (you need to drill through wall plates)
- Hole saw or paddle bit (the size will depend on your wire)
- Hand saw that pointed one
- Fish tape or strong string
- Label maker
- Sharpie or marker
- Stud finder
- Screwdriver or punch down tool
- Laptop or cable tester
Materials You Need:
- Car5e or Cat6 spool (depending on your needs)
- Retrofit boxes
- RJ45 jacks and plates
- RJ45 plugs
- Plastic grommets (to make this cabling look clean)
- Patch panel
- Ethernet switch
- Velcro strips to manage these cables
- Short patch cables
Now we are ready to mount these wall plates.
Step 3: Mounting Your Wall Plates
If you prefer that ethernet wire to run in that same wall cavity as your TV cable, locate these TV jacks. Once you have decided where want to mount your box, draw these lines on your wall and cut through that hold using your hand saw. Because it is pointed, it will naturally push through your drywall without making starter holes.
When you have a clean hole in your wall, fit this single gang box, and hold it in place by screwing clamps. Repeat this process in every room that you have planned to run these cables.
Cut a hole in the wall of your planned distribution room. Fit that plastic grommet for a more professional look in this hole.
Step 4: Take the Measurements and Proceed with Cabling
You can do this in a lot of different ways. Make estimates; look at your floor plans. Running one wire to each of the rooms from the distribution is an easy way. After you have done this, label each wire on both ends with your marker. By doing this, you can also tag the ports later.
But before you can do this, you have to drill through the top plates on the wall to drop the cables on where you have the holes. Finding this can be tricky, but if you have followed the cable TV route, you already have a guide. You can also opt for small holes per wire but taping them into a bundle can be challenging.
After you have strung out the wire, make sure that you have enough lengths for crimping and stripping in case there are accidents.
Step 5: Connecting the Wires to the Patch Panel and Ethernet Jack
You need the rj45 wall socket wiring diagram or ethernet wall socket wiring diagram to do this after you have run the wires. These materials listed for this patch panel was optional. You can pull a raw wire out of your wall and put the rj45 plug into it and then plug this switch directly. Another more professional option is to use a patch panel.
Doing this is easy as most of jacks and panels come with a diagram that follows the common wiring standards. Just make sure to use that same for both ends of your wire. After all the wires are connected, mount the panel into the wall and click this ethernet wall jack into place. Then screw the panels.
Step 6: Test All the Connections
Before connecting all the components of your network, test all the ethernet outlets to make sure that it is working. You can use a network tester or use a patch wire and laptop to test each port in every room. Check the cat 5 wiring diagram wall jack and establish a link with each. Perform the test on the physical layer and the data layer.